GOD ALMIGHTY AND HIS SPIRIT
Father And Holy Spirit (Mother)
The Holy Spirit - God's Divine Power
"The Holy Spirit, rather than being a distinct person, is spoken of inthe Bible as being God's divine power. The Anchor Bible Dictionary,in its article on the Holy Spirit, describes it as"themanifestation of divine presence and power perceptible especially inprophetic inspiration" (Vol. 3, Doubleday, New York, 1992, p. 260).
Scripture refers to the Holy Spirit as the power of God (Zechariah4:6; Micah 3:8). Paul told Timothy that it is the"spirit of ...power and of love and of a sound mind" (2 Timothy 1:7, emphasis addedthroughout).
Luke 4:14 records that Jesus Christ began His ministry"in the powerof the Spirit."Speaking of the Holy Spirit, which would be given toHis followers after His death, Jesus told them," You shall receivepower when the Holy Spirit has come upon you ..." (Acts 1:8).
Peter relates how"God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the HolySpirit and with power, [and Jesus] went about doing good and healingall who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him" (Acts10:38). The Holy Spirit is here associated with the power by whichGod was with Him - the power through which Jesus Christ performedmighty miracles during His earthly, physical ministry. The HolySpirit is the very presence of God's power actively working in Hisservants.
According to various Jewish/Christians scholars the Holy Spirit in the Bible is regarded as:
1. Some mysterious, creative power of God, possessing and inspiring humans;
Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you.
1 Corinthians 3:16
Now the Lord is that Spirit: And where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
2 Corinthians 3:17
For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God
Rom. 8: 14
Likewise the Spirit also helps our infirmities: For we know not what we should pray for as we ought:
But the Spirit itself makes intercession for us, with groanings which cannot be uttered.
And he that searches the heart know, what is the mind of the Spirit,
Because She makes intercessions for the saints, according to the will of God.
Rom. 8: 26-27
2. The Spirit of God;
And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.
And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Then said Mary unto the angel, how shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost will come unto thee:
Therefore also that holy thing that shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God."
For what man knows the things of man, save the spirit of man which is in him?
Even so the things of God knows no man, but the Spirit of God.
Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God;
That we may know the things that are freely given to us of God.
Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teaches,
But which the Holy Ghost teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
1 Corinthians 2: 13
3. The inner principal in the 'new life' in Christ;
The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because She hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor;
She hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives,
And recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised
4. A quasi-physical force in the form of wind;
But knowest not whence it comes and where it goes; thus is every one that is born of the Spirit.
5. The personal activity of God Himself;
Cast me not away from Thy presence, and take not Thy Holy Spirit from me.
6. A supreme Spirit in prophecy;
For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man:
But holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
2 Peter 1:21
7. The Spirit which baptizes;
For John truly baptized with water;
But ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost, not many days hence.
Acts 1: 5
8. The mode of God's activity in history;
But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father,
Even the Spirit of Truth, which proceeds from the Father, She shall testify of Me.
"We might go so far, as to consider the Holy Spirit, God's femininepresence in the world. The primary attribute of the feminineprinciple is receptivity. Therefore, the Holy Spirit demonstratesitself through it receptivity to others. I have mentioned before,the Kabbalist look upon Shekinah, a Hebrew term which means God'spresence, as the feminine expression of the Divine. Likewise, in theGenesis story, the Spirit of God is said to be"hovering"over thevoid and formless world just before creation. In college, my OldTestament Professor remarked," It's the idea of a hen hovering overher egg, waiting for it to hatch."In this sense, the Holy Spirit, ismother God, who loves and shelters all her children withoutcondition."
9. The living energy of a personal God;
But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the Kingdom of God is come unto you.
10. The breath of the Almighty;
By the Word of the Lord were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.
Psalms 33: 6
The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me life.
Job 33: 4
Thou sendest forth Thy Spirit, they are created: and Thou renewest the face of the earth.
Psalms 104: 30
The grass withers, the flowers fade: Because the Spirit of the Lord blows upon it.
The other word used most often of the Holy Spirit is the Greek wordpneuma. It is translated as"breath"or"spirit"and means breath,breeze, wind or spirit."
"The term"Spirit"translates the Hebrew word ruah, which, in itsprimary sense, means breath, air, wind. Jesus indeed uses the sensoryimage of the wind to suggest to Nicodemus the transcendent newness ofhim who is personally God's breath, the divine Spirit."
J. Cardinal Ratzinger, Catechism of the Catholic Church
(J.C.R., Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1994, p. 182.)
11. The Spirit in supernatural endowments of ethical and spiritual understanding;
I have heard of thee that the Spirit of the Gods is in thee,
And the Light and understanding and excellent wisdom is found in thee.
And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the Spirit of Wisdom and understanding,
The Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of Knowledge and of the fear of the Lord.
Isaiah 11: 2
But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man, to profit withal.
For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; To another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
To another faith by the same Spirit; To another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; To another discerning of spirits;
To another diverse kinds of tongues; To another the interpretation of tongues;
But all these worketh that one and selfsame Spirit.
1. Corinthians 11: 7-11
12. The Spirit of wisdom and judgement;
But there is a Spirit in man: And the inspiration of Almighty gives them understanding.
Great men are not always wise: Neither do the aged understand judgement
Turn you at My reproof: Behold, I will pour out My Spirit unto you, I will make known My Words unto you.
13. The mode of human communion with God;
And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh;
And your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams,
Your young men shall see visions, and also upon the servants and upon the handmaidens,
In those days will I pour out My Spirit.
14. The mode of transmitting God's revelation to humans;
The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord has anointed me,
To peach good tidings unto the meek; He has sent me to bind up the broken-hearted,
To proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound.
15. The Spirit which liberates;
Now the Lord if that Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
2 Corinthians 3:17
16. The Spirit which brings renewal;
Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us,
By the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.
Titus 3: 5
17. The Spirit which brings hope;
And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts,
By the Holy Spirit which is given unto us.
Now may the God of hope fill you with all the joy,
And peace in believing, that you may abound in hope, by the power of the Holy Spirit.
18. The Spirit which comforts;
I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter,
That may abide with you forever.
John 14: 16
But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father,
Even the Spirit of Truth which preceedeth from the Father, She shall testify of me.
And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.
John 15: 26-27
Supporting evidence that the Holy Spirit is Feminine
If any of you lack wisdom [Sophia], let him ask of God, that givethto all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
- James 1:5
If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto yourchildren: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the HolySpirit to them that ask him?
- Luke 11:13
Perhaps the first argument which can be offered in support of thefeminine gender of the Holy Spirit is Her association with"thespirit of wisdom" (Exodus 28:3; Ephesians 1:17). In both the Old and NewTestaments, Wisdom is often personified in the feminine gender:
"Say that Wisdom is thy sister" (Proverbs 7:4)
"Wisdom has built a house for herself, and set up seven pillars"(Proverbs 9:1)
Proverbs chapters 8 and 9 are in fact an extended allegory of Wisdomdepicted as a woman.
"Wisdom is known by her children" (Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:35)
"Therefore also said the Wisdom of God, I will also send themprophets and apostles ..." (Luke 11:49). In this text our Lord isequating the"Wisdom of God"with the Holy Spirit who providedDivine inspiration to those who wrote the Scriptures (2 Peter 1:21).He refers to Wisdom in the feminine gender.
The Old Testament word for"wisdom"is chokmah which has thefeminine ending.
The New Testament word - in the Greek - is sophia - also feminine.In fact"Sophia"is the name for a goddess of wisdom in the Greekpantheon. It should be obvious that the Early Church, when readingthe Greek Septuagint - the translation of the Old Testament for theGreek-speaking Jew - would have made the connection between thatgoddess and the Holy Spirit. Of course, a Gentile Christian wouldhave known that the Holy Spirit was not a Greek goddess. Rather, hewould have confessed that the Holy Spirit was the true Sophia incontrast to the pagan imitation.
The connection between the Holy Spirit and Sophia is more pronouncedin the Apocrypha. The Apocrypha are writings from theIntertestamental Period which was contained in the Septuagint butare not included in our modern Bibles. (They are regarded as deutero-canonical by the Anglican Church).
For Sophia is a loving spirit... For the Spirit of the Lord filleththe world.
- Wisdom of Solomon 1:5,7
For Sophia, which is the worker of all things, taught me: for in heris an understanding spirit, holy, one only... For she is thebreath of the power of God, and a pure influence flowing from theglory of the Almighty ... And being but one, she can do allthings: and remaining in herself, she maketh all things new: and inall ages entering into holy souls, she maketh them friends of Godand prophets. For God loveth none but him that dwelleth with Sophia.
- Wisdom chapter 7 (excerpts)
And thy counsel who hath known, except thou give Sophia, and send thyHoly Spirit from above?
In the writings of the Early Church, Wisdom (Sophia) is preserved asfeminine (e.g. the Shepherd of Hermes)
Jesus associates the"spirit of truth"with the Holy Spirit (John16:13). Sophia and the Holy Spirit share identical roles (1Corinthians 2:7-11; Romans 5:5; 1 John 5:6-7 KJV). Were it not forthe masculine bias of later theologians, the Church would likelyhave acknowledged the allegorical associations in the Old Testamentas literal theophanies of the Holy Spirit.
The second argument which can be offered in support for the femininegender of the Holy Spirit is found in the very names ascribed to Godand the Holy Spirit. The name for God in the Hebrew languageis"Elohim". Most scholars acknowledge that this word has a pluralending, which some use to suggest an Old Testament anticipation ofthe Trinity. What most scholars either do not know or care not toinform their constituents is that"Elohim"is not the plural of"El"the masculine form of the name. It is plural of the feminine," Elowah".Strictly speaking, we can translate the Old Testament name for God as"goddesses".
Such a fact is naturally shocking to traditionalists who are largelyignorant of the origins of their faith. We do not favor, however, atranslation of the name for God into the feminine because masculinepronouns are used in association with"Elohim". But we do argue thatthe use of the feminine ending by Divine Revelation ought to settleunequivocally that God's being encompasses both the masculine andfeminine genders. Indeed, when describing man as made in God's image,the Scriptures say,
So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created hehim; male and female created he them.
- Genesis 1:27
Thus indicating that both genders exist in the Godhead.
That the Holy Spirit is the designated representation of thefeminine principle is further supported by the Hebrew wordfor"spirit". I quote now Jerome, the author of the Latin Vulgate:
In the Gospel of the Hebrews that the Nazarenes read it says," Justnow my mother, the Holy Spirit, took me."Now no one should beoffended by this, because"spirit"in Hebrew is feminine, while inour language [Latin] it is masculine and in Greek it is neuter. Indivinity, however, there is no gender.
- Jerome's Commentary on Isaiah 11
This explanation contains an astonishing admission. First, it tellsus that there was a tradition among a sect of Early Christians whichbelieved that the Holy Spirit was our Lord's spiritual mother.Second, Jerome - a more orthodox figure cannot be imagined - admitsthat the Hebrew word for"spirit" (ruach) is feminine, meaning thatfor the 1st Century Christians - who were largely operating in theAramaic world (Paul's churches were tiny in comparison) - the HolySpirit was a feminine figure. It was lost in the translation from theHebrew into the Greek, and then it was changed to a masculine genderwhen it was translated from the Greek into the Latin.
Finally, Jerome's theological bias leads him to believe thedistinction of gender is unimportant. He believes there is no genderin God, therefore, it does not matter whether God is referred to asa"he"or a"she"or an"it", presumably. With many centuries ofmisogynist behavior by Christian leaders behind us, I think it doesmatter. We are not allowed to change one"jot or tittle"of the Law,and if God is represented as a being encompassing both the masculineand feminine genders, then we are foolish to hide that fact in ourtranslations of the Sacred Text.
The third argument which can be offered is the example of earlyChristian leaders in how they handled this doctrine. In his Homilyon Jeremiah 15, the learned Origen argued the case that the HolySpirit was Christ's mother. In a more practical application,Methodius - also a leader with an impeccably orthodox reputation -states directly that the family is meant to reflect analogously theblessed Trinity:
[T]he innocent and unbegotten Adam being the type and resemblance ofGod the Father Almighty, who is uncaused, and the cause of all; hisbegotten son [Seth] shadowing forth the image of the begotten Son andWord of God; whilst Eve, that proceedeth forth from Adam, signifiesthe person and procession of the Holy Spirit.
- Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 6, p. 402
The Didascalia, a 3rd Century clergy manual, commanded the churchesthat," the deaconess should be honored by you as the Holy Spirit ishonored". Thus, officially confirming that the role of the HolySpirit is of a feminine nature.
It should be emphasized that we are not saying that the Holy Spiritis a woman. Neither is God the Father a man. We are made in God'simage. God is not made in our image. We must maintain a theisticperspective, rather than a humanistic one. The Holy Spirit is notmarried to the Father, nor is She His wife in any human sense of theword. Rather, marriage is a creaturely reflection of the gloriousunity which exists within the Trinity. As long as we remain loyal tothe Ecumenical Creeds, we will not go astray with this doctrine.
In conclusion, we affirm that it is not impious, nor does it in anyway diminish the deity of the 3rd Person, to address the Holy Spiritas a"She"rather than as a"He". While we do not favor the call fora gender neutral Bible, we do believe that a new translation of theScriptures is in order - under the supervision of the Desposyni -which will correct the Latin biases which have been carried overfrom the Vulgate.
Supporting evidence that the Holy Spirit is Feminine
NOTE: If this page was accessed during a web search you may wish to browse the sites listed below where "GOD ALMIGHTY AND HIS SPIRIT" or related issues are discussed in detail to promote global peace, religious harmony, and spiritual development of humanity:
WWW.ADISHAKTI.ORG/ — DIVINE MOTHER (HER ADVENT AND MESSAGE)
www.holyspirit-mother.org/ — Divine Mother (Christianity)
www.holyspirit-shekinah.org/ — Divine Mother (Judaism/Christianity)
www.ruach-elohim.org/ — Divine Mother (Judaism)
www.spirit-paraclete.org/ — Divine Mother (Christianity)
www.messiah-paraclete.org/ — Divine Mother (Judaism/Christianity)
www.moshiach-parakletos-ruh.org/ — DM (Judaism/Christianity/Islam)
www.ruh-allah.org/ — Divine Mother (Islam)
www.adi-shakti.org/ — Divine Mother (Hinduism)
www.lalita-devi.org/ — Divine Mother (Hinduism)
www.tao-mother.org/ — Divine Mother (Taoism)
www.prajnaaparamita.org/ — Divine Mother (Buddhism)
www.aykaa-mayee.org/ — Divine Mother (Sikhism)
www.great-spirit-mother.org/ — Divine Mother (Native Traditions)
"Now, the principle of Mother is in every, every scripture - has to be there."
The Holy Spirit Shri Mataji
Radio Interview, 1 October 1983—Santa Cruz, USA
"But today is the day I declare that I am the One who has to save the humanity. I declare I am the One who is Adi Shakti, who is the Mother of all the mothers, who is the Primordial Mother, the Shakti, the desire of God, who has incarnated on this Earth to give its meaning to itself; to this creation, to human beings and I am sure through My Love and patience and My powers I am going to achieve it. I was the One who was born again and again, but now in my complete form and complete powers I have come on this Earth not only for salvation of human beings, not only for their emancipation, but for granting them the Kingdom of Heaven, the Joy, the Bliss that your Father wants to bestow upon you."
The Mother Shri Mataji
2 December 1979â€”London, UK
That this Spirit [Shakti] is present in all religions heard more loudly today.
The Devi (Shakti) promised to return if needed, and has kept Her word!
Angels, Messengers And Ruh (Shakti) Have Come To Declare Al Naba!
"Chi and ... Holy Spirit share many commonalities." continue
"The pneuma [Cool Breeze or Wind] is the peculiar power ... of eternal life."
"At the end of history Spirit of God will become effective in a special way."
"However, in the new age, the Spirit rests on all followers of the Messiah."
Resurrection "comes about through Yahweh's ruach."
"The breath blows across the sky of the Tenth Gate and vibrates." SGGS
"This book is my attempt ... for the 'cool breezes' which he felt."
Day His Spirit (Ruach) is poured will coincide with day of Messiah
Return of Jews to Israel "will occur right before the return of the Messiah"
Quran explicitly refers return of Jews to Israel before Last Judgment
Az-Zukhruf 43:61: He [Jesus] is a Sign of the Hour [of Resurrection].
Two Messiahs - Jewish Scripture is a key to understanding Jesus
"The Jewish wait for the Messiah is not in vain"
"I am the Holy Ghost. I am the Adi Shakti. I am the One who has come on this Earth for the first time in this form to do this tremendous task. The more you'll understand this the better it would be. I knew I'll have to say that openly one day ... that I am the Holy Ghost and I have come for this special time, that this is the Resurrection Time."
The Divine Mother Shri Mataji
Sydney, Australia—21 March 1983